Image Attributions

Language


History of the English Language


Pie chart; By Douglas Perkins [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Origins_of_English_Words.svg


Why English Spelling Is Illogical


Red marks on an essay; BeeBright/Shutterstock.com


Printing press letter; Shane Maritch/Shutterstock.com


Three people operating a printing press; Morphart Creation/Shutterstock.com


Gutenberg and others reading or looking at a sheet of paper; Everett Historical; Shutterstock.com


Silent emoji; Nigarn /Shutterstock.com


English Dominates in the World



Map in dark blue and light blue; By en:User:Iamvered, resized to 800px in width by User:Paunaro CC BY 2.0 at, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAnglospeak.png


English and Chinese


Teaching English; Photographee.eu/Shutterstock.com

British and Chinese flags; esfera/Shutterstock.com



United Kingdom


The Roman Empire Invades Britain


Map of the Roman Empire: Peter Hermes Furian/Shutterstock.com

Druid: Volodymyr Tverdokhlib/ Shutterstock.com

Fog over Dartmoor: Triple H Images/Shutterstock.com

“Roman Army & Chariot Experience, Hippodrome, Jerash, Jordan” flickr photo by yeowatzup; https://flickr.com/photos/yeowatzup/5072673582 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Queen Boudica: Warpaint Instead of Make Up


Statue of Queen Boudica: Claudio Divizia/Shutterstock.com


Harry Potter


“Harry Potter and The Deathly Hallows” flickr photo by Thalita Carvalho ϟ https://flickr.com/photos/thalita-carvalho/5990548483 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Photo of the Great Hall at Hogwarts: By Marek69 GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Great_Hall%2C_Hogwarts_2.jpg

“The Making of Harry Potter 29-05-2012” flickr photo by Karen Roe https://flickr.com/photos/karen_roe/7190267157 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Harry Potter Diagongränden” Pixabay photo by HeikoAL https://pixabay.com/sv/harry-potter-diagongränden-2173841/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license

Photo of Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson and Rupert Grint at the world premiere of “Harry Potter & The Deathly Hallows”: By Ilona Higgins (Flickr: Colour version) CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADaniel_Radcliffe%2C_Emma_Watson_%26_Rupert_Grint_colour.jpg

“goblin bankman universal studios” Pixabay photo by garyh18; https://pixabay.com/sv/goblin-bankman-universal-studios-2375166/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license

Photo of Joanne K Rowling “100405_EasterEggRoll_683” flickr photo by Daniel Ogren https://flickr.com/photos/fast50/4513125422 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Harry Potter poster with the three protagonists; “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets” flickr photo by Colin ZHU https://flickr.com/photos/colinzhu/49684002 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Britain under Roman Rule


Roman bath house: antb/Shutterstock.com

Gladiators: Fotokvadrat/Shutterstock.com

Roman amphitheater Bertil123/Shutterstock.com

Oriental spices, asmiphotoshop/Shutterstock.com

Roman Soldier: Serhii Bobyk/Shutterstock.com

Christian cross: Steve Allen/Shutterstock.com


Football: More than a Ball Game


Photo of supporter smoke bomb “Post City Goal” flickr photo by domfell https://flickr.com/photos/domfell/10405165705 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Photo of five people watching a game “Generation” flickr photo by Matthew Wilkinson https://flickr.com/photos/manc72/9224236251 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Scramble” flickr photo by Matthew Wilkinson https://flickr.com/photos/manc72/8261660137 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“FC United of Manchester Ladies v City of Manchester Ladies” flickr photo by Matthew Wilkinson https://flickr.com/photos/manc72/13548000733 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Sturridge v Swansea” flickr photo by Dean.Jones https://flickr.com/photos/kuaver/8483088144 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


The Anglo-Saxons: Warriors Who Didn’t Get Paid


Anglo-Saxon food: Peter Lorimer/Shutterstock.com

Anglo-Saxon in dictionary: gmstockstudio/Shutterstock.com

Anglo-Saxon shield: Peter Lorimer/Shutterstock.com


The Vikings: Aggressors Who Decided to Stay
“Danelaw” flickr photo by openDemocracy https://flickr.com/photos/opendemocracy/2403582084 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license

Viking ships: Michael Rosskothen/Shutterstock.com

Lone Viking: Fotokvadrat/Shutterstock.com


The English Gentleman


Man drinking from a cup: John Gomez/Shutterstock.com

Man holding an umbrella Ollyy/Shutterstock.com

Tanning on the beach: Scarlette/Shutterstock.com


Apologies and Understatements


“London Underground Stairs” flickr photo by Nicolas Ciotti https://flickr.com/photos/nicolasciotti/26157688395 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

Photo of London Underground sign on Baker Street; “Aber wo ist Dr. Watson?” flickr photo by noniq https://flickr.com/photos/noniq/1206717724 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


William the Conqueror


Four soldiers in armor: Keith Tarrier/Shutterstock.com

Helmets; Gaman Mihai-Radu/Shutterstock.com

William the Conqueror holding a sword; By Unknown Artist c. 1580 Original version of a 1620 painting [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWilliam_the_Conqueror_-_c._1580.jpg

Swearing an oath to William the Conqueror; James William Edmund Doyle [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AA_Chronicle_of_England_-_Page_092_-_Harold_Swears_Fidelity_to_Duke_William.jpg


Diana: The Unhappy Princess Who Smiled for the Cameras


Kensington Palace: Piotr Wawrzyniuk/Shutterstock.com

“Prince Charles & Camilla” flickr photo by Andy Gott https://flickr.com/photos/andygott/3591655903 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“The Wedding of Princess Diana and Prince Charles, Photograph at Buckingham Palace, July 29, 1981” flickr photo by France1978 https://flickr.com/photos/51764518@N02/16626834260 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license

Photo of Diana about to shake an unknown person’s hand; “Princess Diana - Royal Visit to Halifax, Nova Scotia - June 1983” flickr photo by Russ2009 https://flickr.com/photos/16329417@N05/23644372028 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

Diana visiting an engineering facility; “058792: Visit by Diana Princess of Wales 1992” flickr photo by Newcastle Libraries https://flickr.com/photos/newcastlelibraries/4087038134 shared into the public domain using (PDM)

Diana resting her head on one hand; “Diana, Princess of Wales” flickr photo by aeroman3 https://flickr.com/photos/my_public_domain_photos/23577729158 shared into the public domain using (PDM)

A sea of flowers; “Flowers for Princess Diana’s Funeral” flickr photo by Maxwell Hamilton https://flickr.com/photos/mualphachi/3816269368 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Life for Ordinary People and Women in Medieval Britain


Man and woman with buboes; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Medieval people; Nejron Photo/Shutterstock.com

A well; guillermo_celano/Shutterstock.com

A piglet; Simun Ascic/Shutterstock.com

A medieval town; Vegorus/Shutterstock.com

Religious painting; Markus Gann/Shutterstock.com


The Magna Carta


King John refusing the barons’ demands; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

The Magna Carta; David Smart/Shutterstock.com

The U.S. Constitution; Jim Barber/Shutterstock.com

King John signs the Magna Carta; James William Edmund Doyle [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AA_Chronicle_of_England_-_Page_226_-_John_Signs_the_Great_Charter.jpg


Kilts: Manliness and Tradition


Photo of kilt-wearing bagpipers; http://www.freenzphotos.com CC BY-SA 3.0 nz, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AScottish_Bagpipers-4271.jpg

“Tossing the Caber - Dornoch Highland Gathering 2007” flickr photo by foxypar4 https://flickr.com/photos/foxypar4/1005502580 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Photo of kilts in different types of cloths; “Kilts” flickr photo by rfduck https://flickr.com/photos/rfduck/4617161491 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

Knee-long kilts; “Scots in Archeon” flickr photo by hans s https://flickr.com/photos/archeon/494923440 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


William Shakespeare


Shakespeare’s birthplace; S-F/Shutterstock.com

Shakespeare quote; marekuliasz/Shutterstock.com

Shakespeare masks; MatiasDelCarmine/Shutterstock.com

“Shakespeares Globe Theater” flickr photo by Marcus Meissner https://flickr.com/photos/marcusmeissner/9842586713 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Shakespeare portrait; By Unknown; photo by Lefteris Pitarakis/Associated Press [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AShakespeare_Cobbe_portrait_detail.jpg

Portrait comparisons; By Brice Stratford (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AShakespeare_Portrait_Comparisons_2.JPG


The English Breakfast


Full English in frying pan; Lisovskaya Natalia/Shutterstock.com

Fish and Chips; Shaiith/Shutterstock.com

A bottle of whiskey; stockcreations/Shutterstock.com

Man eating sandwhich; William Perugini/Shutterstock.com

Menu; Thinglass/Shutterstock.com


The Puritans and the Mayflower


Pilgrim homes; Michael Sean O’Leary/Shutterstock.com

Martin Luther monument; dugdax/Shutterstock.com

“MAYFLOWER” flickr photo by the lost gallery https://flickr.com/photos/thelostgallery/14706887453 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


England, Britain, Great Britain or the United Kingdom?


Welsh symbols; Annykos/Shutterstock.com

Scottish symbols; Annykos/Shutterstock.com

How the Union Jack was “created”; By Guilherme Paula [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFlags_of_the_Union_Jack.svg

Map of The United Kingdom against light blue background; Matt Lewis CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AUnited_Kingdom_labelled_map7.png


Great Britain and Slavery


Below deck on a slave ship; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Captured Africans marching; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Slaves processing sugar cane; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Captured Africans about to be taken to a slave ship; Everett Art/Shutterstock.com

Map of the triangular slave route; By SimonP at en.wikipedia CC BY-SA 2.0, GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATriangle_trade2.png

European woman being presented to North African or Arab man; Ernest Normand [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ANormand%2C_Ernest_-_The_Bitter_Draught_of_Slavery_-_1885.jpg


British Secondary Schools


British students in school uniforms; Grempletonian; https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Sutton_Grammar_School_Lower_School_pupils.jpg ;shared under [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)]


The Loch Ness Monster


Urquhart Castle at Loch Ness, tower in focus; nitsawan katterattanakul/Shutterstock.com

Urquhart Castle visited by tourists; Bucchi Francesco/Shutterstock.com

Photo composit of Loch Ness Monster; Fer Gregory/Shutterstock.com

“Snap Happy” flickr photo by Christopher Combe Photography https://flickr.com/photos/cosmicherb70/14137143909 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Otters swimming in a lake; “otters and loch ness monster” flickr photo by minicooper93402 https://flickr.com/photos/minicooper93402/3332576926 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


The Industrial Revolution Began in Great Britain


Rod attached to a wheel; Kuzmin Mikhail/Shutterstock.com

Crowded town; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Factories meet countryside; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Power loom weaving; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Making cotton thread; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Smoke blowing from train; remik44992/Shutterstock.com

Smoke coming from factory chimneys; “Industrial revolution” flickr photo by blvesboy https://flickr.com/photos/blvesboy/2121487586 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


An Empire Where the Sun Never Set


Bible; leolintang/Shutterstock.com

Queen Victoria; Kiev Victor/Shutterstock.com

HMS Victory; Michael Rosskothen/Shutterstock.com

Hong Kong; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Britain on top of the world; “Imperial Federation, Map of the World Showing the Extent of the British Empire in 1886 (levelled)” flickr photo by The Public Domain Review https://flickr.com/photos/publicdomainreview/36608251485 shared into the public domain using (PDM)

Map of the British Empire; By The Red Hat of Pat Ferrick [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_British_Empire.png

Britain establishes itself in India; Francis Hayman [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AClive.jpg


The End of Most of the British Empire


British vessel during WW1; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


War with Hitler: The Dunkirk Evacuation


Helmet and vehicle; PHILIPIMAGE/Shutterstock.com

White Cliffs of Dover; Kiril Stanchew/Shutterstock.com

Hitler dancing; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Warship capsizing; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADunkirk_1940_HU2280.jpg

Smaller boats; By Press Agency photographer [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADunkirk_1940_HU41241.jpg

By Strait_of_Dover_map.png: User:NormanEinstein derivative work: Diannaa CC-BY-SA-3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADunkirk_Evacuation_shipping_routes.png

Hitler painting; “hitler” flickr photo by Oldmaison https://flickr.com/photos/httpoldmaisonblogspotcom/2262105034 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


War with Hitler: The Battle of Britain


Airplanes; Matt Gibson/Shutterstock.com

Aircraft spotter; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Railway station destroyed; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Winston Churchill; By BiblioArchives / LibraryArchives from Canada (Sir Winston Churchill) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASir_Winston_Churchill_(19086236948).jpg

Hitler with a strap over his shoulder; By Roto3’14 (Own work) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAdolf_Hitler_45.jpg


The Beatles and the Psychedelic Era


A fan’s bedroom; “memories of the Sixties!” flickr photo by brizzle born and bred https://flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/11623627225 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

John Lennon, multiple photos; “Beatlemania John Lennon glasses” flickr photo by brizzle born and bred https://flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/14163105143 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

McCartny, Harrison and Lennon; By Omroepvereniging VARA (Beeld en Geluidwiki - Gallery: The Beatles) CC BY-SA 3.0 nl, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APaul%2C_George_%26_John.png

Beatles fans on an overpass; Harry Pot CC BY-SA 3.0 nl, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Beatles_arrive_at_Schiphol_Airport_1964-06-05_-_Young_Beatle_fans_916-5126.jpg

All four Beatles members performing on stage; By Eric Koch, Nationaal Archief, Den Haag, Rijksfotoarchief: Fotocollectie Algemeen Nederlands Fotopersbureau (ANEFO), 1945-1989 - negatiefstroken zwart/wit, nummer toegang 2.24.01.05, bestanddeelnummer 916-5099 (Nationaal Archief) CC BY-SA 3.0 nl, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Beatles_with_Jimmie_Nicol_916-5099.jpg

Ringo Starr; By Eva Rinaldi from Sydney, Australia (Ringo Starr and all his band Uploaded by tm) CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ARingo_Starr_and_all_his_band_(8470866906).jpg


Immigration and Multiculturalism: How it Began


British flag on map; David Carrilet/Shutterstock.com

Indian flag and passports; David Carrilet/Shutterstock.com


Immigration and Multiculturalism: Cosmopolitan Cities and New Types of Immigrants


Three women in a row at the Notting Hill Carnival; “Notting Hill Carnival 2011 [33]” flickr photo by Valters Krontals https://flickr.com/photos/themoonkeeper/6099516188 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“On the tube” flickr photo by Matt Biddulph https://flickr.com/photos/mbiddulph/3738691370 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Understanding the Conflict in Northern Ireland


Landscape, Northern Ireland. “The giant’s causeway, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland” flickr photo by Giuseppe Milo (www.pixael.com) https://flickr.com/photos/giuseppemilo/15578739333 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

James I; Unknown, English School [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJames_I_of_England_Schloss_Ambras.jpg

Battle of the Boyne; Jan van Huchtenburgh [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons ; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJan_van_Huchtenburg_-_De_slag_aan_de_Boyne.jpg

Map of Ireland; By Michael 1952 ((Michael,2009)) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMap_of_ireland.jpg

Map of The United Kingdom against light blue background; Matt Lewis CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AUnited_Kingdom_labelled_map7.png

“St. Andrew’s Church, Killaney (Mono)” flickr photo by Bobby McKay. https://flickr.com/photos/b0b0b/9248578872 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


The Troubles: Protests Getting out of Control


Map of Ireland; By Michael 1952 ((Michael,2009)) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMap_of_ireland.jpg


Bloody Sunday and the IRA


Map of Ireland; By Michael 1952 ((Michael,2009)) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMap_of_ireland.jpg

Shankhill Road; By Fribbler (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AShankilltroubles.jpg

“Arkitektur politik muralmålningen” Pixabay photo by fsHH https://pixabay.com/sv/arkitektur-politik-muralm%C3%A5lningen-2396058/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license

An IRA Bombing; By Tdv123 (Own work) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGuildford_pub_bombings.jpg

Three IRA members; Baldeadly at English Wikipedia CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AProvisionalIRAGalbally.jpg


A Tea-Loving People


Tea in a glass cup; Marian Weyo/Shutterstock.com

Posh afternoon tea; Magdanatka/Shutterstock.com

Four people sitting on steps; Riccardo Piccini/Shutterstock.com

Family from the 50s; “memories of the Fifties!” flickr photo by brizzle born and bred https://flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/37169945362 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license

Table filled with food; “High Tea” flickr photo by LoopZilla https://flickr.com/photos/loopzilla/329234776 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


The Troubles: Later Stages


Man with a rifle hiding; “Welcome to 1970s Belfast” flickr photo by Tiocfaidh ár lá 1916 https://flickr.com/photos/tiocfaidh_ar_la_1916/26353195442 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

British funeral procession “The funerals of Stephen Cummins and Miles Amos” flickr photo by Robert Cutts https://flickr.com/photos/panr/6082128706 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Protestants and Catholics Live Separate Lives


Belfast City Hall; Josemaria Toscano/Shutterstock.com

“Peace Wall, Belfast” flickr photo by nicksarebi https://flickr.com/photos/34517490@N00/9100978846 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Peace Mural” flickr photo by Reading Tom https://flickr.com/photos/16801915@N06/14660243447 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

A UVF mural; By Sitomon (Flickr) CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABelfast_murals_AB.jpg

Bobby Sands; By Kwekubo GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0 via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bobby_sands_mural_in_belfast320.jpg

An Orange Order march; Ross CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AOrangemen_parade_in_Bangor%2C_12_July_2010_-_geograph_-_1964645.jpg



United States

North America Before the Europeans Arrived


Squash; Leptospira/Shutterstock.com

Dear; Krasula/Shutterstock.com

Native Americans getting water; By Charles M. Russell (ArtDaily.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACharles_M._Russell%2C_Water_for_Camp.jpg


Rain Dance and Sun Dance


Rain or water; Kichigin/Shutterstock.com

Sun Dance in color; Jules Tavernier [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3A%27Indian_Sun_Dance%27_by_Jules_Tavernier%2C_wood_engraving.jpg

A single Indian has his chest pierced; George Catlin [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sundance.jpg

Shoshone Indian sun dance, real photo; National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFort_Hall_Reservation._Shoshone_Indian_Sun_Dance_-_NARA_-_298649.jpg


Cheerleading


Two cheerleaders and football players; sirtravelalot/Shutterstock.com

Cheerleader stretching; Deborah Lucia/Shutterstock.com

Six cheerleaders lying in the grass; sirtravelalot/Shutterstock.com

Young cheerleaders in red performing on stage; “DSC_5105_pp” flickr photo by WalterPro https://flickr.com/photos/walterpro/16302394839 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Cheerleaders entertaining a crowd dominated by pink colors; “Senior Night 2014 33” flickr photo by Mike Miley https://flickr.com/photos/mike_miley/15682540856 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license

Arizona Cardinals signing autographs for soldiers; By Staff Sgt. Casey McGeorge (https://www.dvidshub.net/image/504689) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACheerleaders_sign_autographs_111215-A-KJ276-001.jpg

Women performing for the Cleveland Cavaliers during a basketball game; “Cavs Girls” flickr photo by EDrost88 https://flickr.com/photos/edrost88/30107373842 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Waiting for their time to perform; “The Cheerleaders of Long Beach City College” flickr photo by SupportPDX https://flickr.com/photos/rocketboom/2874180219 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

DCC show group; “Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders pay a Christmas visit to USAG Humphreys” flickr photo by USAG-Humphreys https://flickr.com/photos/usaghumphreys/4208331028 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Waiting for the judges” flickr photo by allspice1 https://flickr.com/photos/andy_bernay-roman/364610640 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

Two male cheerleaders carrying female cheerleaders; “Q Spirit Squad” flickr photo by EDrost88 https://flickr.com/photos/edrost88/34946216411 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Howard University Cheerleaders” flickr photo by Kevin Coles https://flickr.com/photos/kcjc/437674543 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Coming together as one; “DSC_2804” flickr photo by Hawaiian Moore https://flickr.com/photos/moorealoha/3118111760 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Minnesota Vikings cheerleaders; By MN National Guard CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMVC_-_Minnesota_Vikings_Cheerleaders_2.JPG


England’s First North American Colony


Susan Constant; BeeRu/Shutterstock.com

Corn plants; Natthawut ngoensanthia/Shutterstock.com

Copper; Roy Palmer/Shutterstock.com

Englishmen disembark in North American; By Elmer Boyd Smith [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APocahontas-06.jpg

“John Smith trying to get more food for the settlers” Author Unidentified [Public domain] https://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/pocahontas-her-life-and-legend.htm


Pocahontas: Daughter of an Indian Chief


John Smith portrait; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Portrait of Pocahontas wearing a hat; “Pocahontas” flickr photo by lisby1 https://flickr.com/photos/60861613@N00/3891106178 shared into the public domain using (PDM)

Pocahontas and her husband John Rolfe; By J. W. Glass ([1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APocahontas_Rolfe_crop.jpg

James River; By Thea Ganoe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJamesRiverWG.JPG

John Smith and Pocahontas standing next to each other; By Elmer Boyd Smith [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APocahontas-14.jpg

Pocahontas saving John Smith; By New England Chromo. Lith. Co. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APocahontas-saves-Smith-NE-Chromo-1870.jpeg


Thanksgiving


A happy family having Thanksgiving dinner together; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock.com

A roasted turkey and other Thanksgiving food; apolonia/Shutterstock.com

European Pilgrims sharing a meal with Wampanoag Indians; Everett Historical /Shutterstock.com

Stuffed butternut squash with quinoa, kale, cranberries, and chick peas; Megan Betteridge/Shutterstock.com

A person holding a shopping bag; Pressmaster/Shutterstock.com


Americans: Masters of Celebration


Birthday celebrations; Monkey Business Images /Shutterstock.com

Christmas lights; Kenneth Sponsler /Shutterstock.com

A group of young children waving American flags as a way to say thank you to their country’s veterans. “Zanesville, Ohio Veterans day Parade 11-7-2015” flickr photo by Paula R. Lively https://flickr.com/photos/29621494@N02/22670636000 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

An orchestra playing trumpets; “Veterans Day parade NYC 2011 104” flickr photo by jastrow75 https://flickr.com/photos/jastrow/6363103605 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Marching on 5th Avenue in New York City; “171111-Z-CQ136-0016” flickr photo by New York National Guard https://flickr.com/photos/nyng/38338792956 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

“719th Transportaton Company in Veterans Day Parade” flickr photo by New York National Guard https://flickr.com/photos/nyng/15161300773 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

One or two veterans in a car saluting bystanders; “then and now” flickr photo by Robert Couse-Baker https://flickr.com/photos/29233640@N07/8179017540 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Friends lining up for a photo on sweet sixteen with the sixteen-year-old birthday girl in the center. “Sweet 16-4” flickr photo by Lisa Rosario Photography https://flickr.com/photos/lisarosariophotography/8697616332 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

Teenagers, including the tiara-wearing birthday girl, busting a move on the dance floor during sweet sixteen celebrations. “Taylor’s Sweet 16” flickr photo by pseudoplacebo https://flickr.com/photos/pseudoplacebo/4510851663 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Different Indian Lifestyles


Lone Indian with war bonnet; Catmando/Shutterstock.com

Herd of bison/buffalo; PriceM/Shutterstock.com

A musket; Dimedro168/Shutterstock.com

Indians farming; By New York State Museum, subsidiary of State of New York Dept. of Ed [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGrowingfieldspanlg.jpeg

An Indian village or town; By François Bernard [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AChoctaw_Village_by_Francois_Bernard.jpg

Indians walking in a row; New Orleans Museum of Art [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ALouisiana_Indians_Walking_Along_a_Bayou.jpg


No Taxation without Representation


Taxes; Nokuro/Shutterstock.com

Ships; By John Cleveley the Elder (1712-1777) (artuk.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ALe_HMS_Brune_capturant_l%27Oiseau_en_1762.jpg

Indians fleeing; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AA_Battle_of_the_French-Indian_War.jpg

Map; By AlexiusHoratius CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ANorthAmerica1763-A.png

George III; Allan Ramsay [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGeorge_III_of_the_United_Kingdom.jpg


The Boston Tea Party and the Road to Revolution


Boston pinned; PinCityonMap/Shutterstock.com

Destruction of tea; By Nathaniel Currier [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABoston_Tea_Party_Currier_colored.jpg

Lexington stand off; “Stand Your Ground” flickr photo by The National Guard https://flickr.com/photos/thenationalguard/6459470013 shared as a United States Government Work (PD)


Hollywood


Los Angeles skyline and palm trees; Chones/Shutterstock.com

Hollywood political opinions sign; Yu Ping Chen/Shutterstock.com

Hollywood Hills; John Bilous/Shutterstock.com

Hollywood road sign; trekandshoot/Shutterstock.com

Crowd of people; Brian A Jackson/Shutterstock.com

Stars on the red carpet; AS Inc/Shutterstock.com

Drugs; DedMityay/Shutterstock.com

Black and white photo with woman in the background; Jan Hindstroem/Shutterstock.com

“Walk of Fame on Hollywood Blvd” flickr photo by daveynin https://flickr.com/photos/daveynin/7343154434 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license

“Hollywood Sign” flickr photo by Gnaphron https://flickr.com/photos/gnaphron/8485145044 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


The American Revolutionary War


Camp site re-enactment; Tom Oliveira/Shutterstock.com

Rebels on horseback going home; Galina Dreyzina/Shutterstock.com

Drummer; Kent Weakley/Shutterstock.com

Join or Die; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

British soldiers in a pitched battle; cabania/Shutterstock.com

Washington accepting the British’s surrender; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

American army struggling against wind and cold; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Crossing the Delaware; Emanuel Leutze [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWashington_Crossing_the_Delaware_by_Emanuel_Leutze%2C_MMA-NYC%2C_1851.jpg

Washington and Lafayette inspecting troops; By John Ward Dunsmore (https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/91792202/) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWashington_and_Lafayette_at_Valley_Forge.jpg

French warships; By V. Zveg (US Navy employee) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABattleOfVirginiaCapes.jpg

Battle on horseback; William Ranney [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACowpens.jpg

Woman in the army; Woman See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMollyPitcher.jpeg


The Effect of the Revolutionary War on Civilians and Slaves


Black soldier in the British army; John Singleton Copley [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJohn_Singleton_Copley_001.jpg

The colonial kitchen; See page for author [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASpinninginthecolonialkitchen.jpg


George Washington


Washington D.C. Songquan Deng/Shutterstock.com

George Washington, Martha and grandchildren; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Washington as a farmer; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

U.S. one dollar bill; Fablok/Shutterstock.com

Portrait of George Washington; Rembrandt Peale [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APortrait_of_George_Washington.jpeg

Washington and other military men riding triumphant through town; E.P. & L. Restein [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEvacuation_Day_and_Washington%27s_Triumphal_Entry.jpg


Slavery


A slave auction; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Slaves working in the field; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

A black family; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

A whip; Panda Vector/Shutterstock.com


The American Dream


A happy family; Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock.com

Silhouette of a man; Thoom/Shutterstock.com

Young students; Rawpiel.com/Shutterstock.com

Map; Artindo/Shutterstock.com

Two people standing in front of a house; Serhi Krot/Shutterstock.com

The Declaration of Independence and an American flag; W. Scott McGill/Shutterstock.com


Freedom in the North: Slavery in the South


African Americans leaving field carrying cotton; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

U.S. Supreme Court; Orhan Cam/Shutterstock.com

3/5; By The original uploader was Joey-das-WBF at English Wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AU%2B2157.svg

Free states and slave states map; By Self-made from public domain work Image:US_Secession_map_1865.svg [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASlave_and_Free_States_before_the_American_Civil_War.svg

Photo of slaves standing and sitting in a field; New-York Historical Society [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJames_Hopkinsons_Plantation_Slaves_Planting_Sweet_Potatoes.jpg


The Underground Railroad: Escaping Slavery


Underground Railroad Philadelphia; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Escaping slaves hiding in swamps; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

By Ennsberger? Auburn, NY ([1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AHarriet_Tubman_portrait_photo.jpg

Escaping slaves in snow; Charles T. Webber [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe_Underground_Railroad_by_Charles_T._Webber%2C_1893.jpg


Silicon Valley: Home of Google and Other Tech Companies


Mobile advertising; Aa Amie/Shutterstock.com

A connected world; Toria/Shutterstock.com

Code; BEST-BACKGROUNDS/Shutterstock.com

Hardware; Ivan Michailovic/Shutterstock.com

A couple watching a movie; Stock-Asso/Shutterstock.com

Map of California and more; Matheus Obst/Shutterstock.com


Google headquarters; Noah_Loverbear CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGoogle_Mountain_View_California_-_panoramio.jpg


“Yellow Cabs in New York City” flickr photo by Lensicle https://flickr.com/photos/lensicle/15987323957 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


The U.S. Constitution


Two protest signs. Sira Anamwong//Shutterstock.com

The White House. Andrea Izzotti /Shutterstock.com

Inside Congress. Everett Collection/Shutterstock.com


Bill of Rights 1–4. “B21 Bill of Rights 1-4” flickr photo by howard_morland https://flickr.com/photos/45803876@N00/32026928725 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Democrats, Republicans and Winner-take all elections


Election map. DNetromphotos /Shutterstock.com

A person carrying a rainbow-colored flag. MoiraM/Shutterstock.com

A donkey and an elephant. TeddyandMia /Shutterstock.com


Sarah Palin campaigning. “Sarah Palin in Savannah” flickr photo by Bruce Tuten https://flickr.com/photos/savannahgrandfather/3076627941 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Slave Rebellions


Nat Turner found; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Vintage documents; Scisetti Alfio/Shutterstock.com

French soldiers hanged in Haiti; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


Slaves waiting to be sold; Eyre Crowe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACrowe-Slaves_Waiting_for_Sale_-_Richmond%2C_Virginia.jpg


Slaves playing music and dancing; By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASlave_dance_to_banjo%2C_1780s.jpg


Whip scars; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWhippedslaveedit.jpg


The Trail of Tears and the Wild West


Indians battling with American cavalry soldiers; Charles Schreyvogel [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThe-Silenced-War-Whoop-1100x790.jpg


Frontiersmen chased by Indians; Frederic Remington [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFrederic_Remington_-_Aiding_a_Comrade_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg


Map of Mississippi River; By Jon Platek CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMississippi_watershed_map_1.jpg


Trail of Tears, a brownish color scheme photo; “odd_trail_of_tears” flickr photo by Lamerie https://flickr.com/photos/lamerie/116514202 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Indians in front of their homes; By Solomon D. Butcher [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATeepee-logcabin.jpg


Trail of Tears, Indians escorted by American soldiers; By TradingCardsNPS (Trail of Tears for the Creek People) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATrail_of_Tears_for_the_Creek_People_(7222969326).jpg


Chief Red Cloud; National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ARed_Cloud_-_NARA_-_285554.tif


Manifest Destiny and Life on the Frontier


Gold panning; optimarc/Shutterstock.com


Manifest Destiny concept with angel flying in the air; “American Progress” flickr photo by cizauskas https://flickr.com/photos/cizauskas/35229979840 shared into the public domain using (PDM)


Westward expansion into mountainous regions; Emanuel Leutze [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWestward.jpg


A giant deposit of bison/buffalo skulls; By Bison_skull_pile.jpg: Unknown derivative work: Chick Bowen (Bison_skull_pile.jpg) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABison_skull_pile_edit.jpg


Westward expansion over a frozen Mississippi River; C. C. A. Christensen [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACrossing_the_Mississippi_on_the_Ice_by_C.C.A._Christensen.png


The Importance of American Football


A football coach instructing four players; sirtravelalotShutterstock.com

Snacks; Arina P Habich/Shutterstock.com

Football player in red jersey surrounded by cheerleaders; sirtravelalotShutterstock.com

An illustration of a football field seen from above; Alesandro14/Shutterstock.com


A team dressed in white and one dressed in orange lined up on a field; “MHS Varsity @ Corona del Sol” flickr photo by MHS Touchdown Club https://flickr.com/photos/mhstouchdownclub/15522535542 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Quarterback about to throw the football; “Mentor Cardinals vs. Stow Bulldogs” flickr photo by EDrost88 https://flickr.com/photos/edrost88/10908344886 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Young football players practicing; “330” flickr photo by bubbaonthenet https://flickr.com/photos/116153846@N06/30355286725 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


A scuffle in the women’s league; “Lingerie League” flickr photo by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer https://flickr.com/photos/evarinaldiphotography/7169023527 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Two female football players; By John Torcasio (Own work) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGridiron_Victoria_Women%27s.jpg


Nowhere Left to Go for the Indians


Four Apache Indians on horseback; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


The Civil War: Lincoln Presidency Leads to Rebellion


Abraham Lincoln on the five dollar bill; Javier Calvete/Shutterstock.com

The Confederate flag; Bruce Stanfield/Shutterstock.com


Map; By Júlio Reis (by myself) CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AUS_map_1864_Civil_War_divisions.svg


Family of enslaved cotton pickers; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFamily_of_slaves_in_Georgia%2C_circa_1850.jpg


The Civil War: No Split but an End to Slavery


Union soldiers positioned by a canon; mandritoiu/Shutterstock.com

Freed slaves escaping to Union soldiers; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Lincoln and his cabinet; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Arlington National Cemetery; Zack Frank/Shutterstock.com


Map; By Júlio Reis (by myself) CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AUS_map_1864_Civil_War_divisions.svg


Confederacy gun barrels and a flag; “confederacy” flickr photo by rvanarsdale https://flickr.com/photos/room2593/3354412787 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Robert E. Lee; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ARobert_E_Lee_(color).jpg


The Little Big Horn and Sitting Bull


Cemetary at Little Bighorn Battlefield; bjsites/Shutterstock.com

Cavalry gear; James Mattil/Shutterstock.com

Battle of Little Bighorn, Custer in yellow in the center; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Montana map; boreala/Shutterstock.com


Fighting at the Battle of Little Bighorn; Elk Eber [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AElk_Eber_-_Die_Indianerschlacht_am_Little_Big_Horn%2C_1936.jpg


Sitting Bull; By Guerinf (Own work) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASitting_Bull%2C_Notman.jpg


Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill; By Wm. Notman & Son [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASittingBull%26BuffaloBill.jpg


George Custer; By George L. Andrews [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AG_a_custer.jpg


9/11, Terrorism and Conspiracy Theories


Passport; Maria Averburg/Shutterstock.com

A flight data recorder; David M G/Shutterstock.com

Airplane; Skycolors/Shutterstock.com


The Statue of Liberty, the American flag and the twin towers; Steve Allen/Shutterstock.com


Al Qaeda flag; Steve Allen/Shutterstock.com


Cover of the 9/11 Commission Report; By Cleanup by Andrew_pmk (talk · contribs); straightened and cropped by Holek (talk · contribs) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3A911report_cover_HIGHRES.png


WTC 1 and 2 in a photo from New York; “New York” flickr photo by CazzJj https://flickr.com/photos/cazzjj/6143653360 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


“Fireball erupting in the South Tower” flickr photo by TheMachineStops https://flickr.com/photos/themachinestops/88181088 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Ground zero rubble; “010916-N-5471P-501” flickr photo by Marion Doss https://flickr.com/photos/ooocha/3059882513 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


WTC building arrangement; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WTC_Building_Arrangement_and_Site_Plan_(building_7_highlighted).jpg


By Arianne Cohen (New York Office of Emergency management) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWTC7_as_Twin_Towers_collapse.jpg


Helicopter in Afghanistan; “View from above” flickr photo by The U.S. Army https://flickr.com/photos/soldiersmediacenter/6280752626 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Reservations, Ghost Dance and Wounded Knee

Ghost dance; By Boyd, James P. (James Penny), 1836-1910 (Philadelphia Publishers Union) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ghost_dance.jpg


Spotted Elk dead; By Trager and Kuhn [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deadbigfootwoundedknee.jpg


Life on Indian Reservations Today


Pine Ridge Reservation road signSopotnicki/Shutterstock.com
Oklahoma City Gau Meo /Shutterstock.com


Picking up groceries from a car. “20130424-FNS-RBN-6212” flickr photo by USDAgov https://flickr.com/photos/usdagov/16203659031 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Native American teenagers in team jerseys. “‘Scouts’ Convocation’ // Window Rock High School Fighting Scouts Football” flickr photo by Donovan Shortey https://flickr.com/photos/dshortey/6216937628 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Women sitting at a table. “20140910-FNS-RBN-9978” flickr photo by USDAgov https://flickr.com/photos/usdagov/15524001279 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Two children dressed up in traditional outfits. “Children Dancers on the Wind River Indian Reservation, Wyoming” flickr photo by Show Us Your Togwotee https://flickr.com/photos/showusyourtogwotee/4427748658 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Man reading a yellow piece of paper. “20130423-FNS-RBN-5842” flickr photo by USDAgov https://flickr.com/photos/usdagov/16205538745 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Three men in war onnets. By Red Earth Festival (Flickr: Red Earth Parade) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red_Earth_Parade_Cheyenne_Chiefs_Becky_Meyer.jpg


The Birth of Segregation: Reconstruction Cut Short


Black freedmen voting; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


Jim Crow caricature; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThomas_Rice_as_Jim_Crow.jpg


The Birth of Segregation: Separate but Equal


Young black girl reading; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


Colored waiting room sign; Jack Delano [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJimCrowInDurhamNC.jpg


Latino Culture


Miami; Sean Pavone/Shutterstock.com


Population map; By Vrysxy (Own work) GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3A2010_US_Census_Hispanic_map.svg


On the dance floor; “LEAA Salsa/Merengue/Bachata Dance Fall 2013 9” flickr photo by COD Newsroom https://flickr.com/photos/codnewsroom/10805724863 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Celebrating communion; “Misa Hispana - Hispanic Mass” flickr photo by www.saginaw.org https://flickr.com/photos/dioceseofsaginaw/37396274056 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Holding hands during a church service; “Misa Hispana - Hispanic Mass” flickr photo by www.saginaw.org https://flickr.com/photos/dioceseofsaginaw/37413087112 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


A Golden Era of Technical Development


marchello74/Shutterstock.com


An assembly line; By Ford company [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AA-line1913.jpg


Henry Ford; By Hartsook, photographer. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AHenry_ford_1919.jpg


Red 1921 Ford; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1921_Ford_Model_T_roadster.jpg


World’s first flight in an airplane; By John T. Daniels [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFirst_flight2.jpg


“Wright Brothers Replica National Museum of the United States Air Force” flickr photo by marada https://flickr.com/photos/marada/6906044140 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Wilbur Wright; Library of Congress [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWilbur_Wright-crop.jpg


Orville Wright; Library of Congress [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AOrville_Wright_1905-crop.jpg


The Flatiron Building; By Simone Roda from Italia (Flickr.com - image description page) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFlateron_Building_Manhattan_NYC.jpg


New York Life Insurance Building, Chicago; By Detroit Publishing Company [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ANYLife_Bldg_Chicago.jpg


The Ku Klux Klan: Original Ideology


Three black people or bodies in the foreground; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


The KKK Becoming Powerful


Simmons; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


Three hooded clansmen next to a car; By National Photo Company Collection (Library of Congress) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKu_Klux_Klan_Virgina_1922_Parade.jpg


A KKK parade; By National Photo Company [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AK.K.K._parade%2C_1925_npcc_14028.jpg


Lynching of Leo Frank; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFrankLynchedLarge.jpg


Eleanor Roosevelt


Eleanor in a school photo; National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEleanor_Roosevelt_in_school_portrait_-_NARA_-_197245.tif


Eleanor and a dog; National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEleanor_Roosevelt_and_Fala_at_Val%2CKill_in_Hyde_Park%2C_New_York_-_NARA_-_196181.jpg


Eleanor as a young child with her family; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AElliott_Roosevelt_and_Children.jpg


Eleanor and the Human Rights Declaration; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEleanor_Roosevelt_and_Human_Rights_Declaration.jpg


Eleanor and Franklin; By FDR Presidential Library & Museum (CT 86-103) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEleanor-Franklin-Roosevelt-August-1932.jpg


Eleanor holding her hands up; “63-187(5)” flickr photo by FDR Presidential Library & Museum https://flickr.com/photos/fdrlibrary/5693469662 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Domination of Neighbors: Defeating Mexico and Spain


The Mexican-American War; Everett Historical; /Shutterstock.com


Domination of Neighbors: Controlling Puerto Rico and Cuba


Central America and the Caribbean map; Lara Fields/Shutterstock.com


Puerto Ricans; “Puerto Rican Day Parade 2010” flickr photo by Juan Beltran https://flickr.com/photos/21853995@N06/4700459922 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Domination of Neighbors: Protecting Business Interests


Central America and the Caribbean map; Lara Fields/Shutterstock.com

The Panama Canal; Galina Savina/Shutterstock.com

A banana plantation; MIO Studio/Shutterstock.com


Flames in Panama; By SPEC. MORLAND (http://www.dodmedia.osd.mil/DN-ST-91-00787.JPG) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APanama_clashes_1989.JPEG


Jacobo Árbenz; By Gobierno de Guatemala (http://www.politecnica.edu.gt/yrjksod/index.php) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJacobo_Arbenz_fotograf%C3%ADa_oficial.jpg


Women and African Americans: Struggling for Recognition


Blacks wearing hats working in a field; Jack Delano [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASharecroppers_chopping_cotton_-_1941.jpg


White family standing in the doorway; National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWife_and_children_of_a_sharecropper_in_Washington_County%2C_Arkansas_-_NARA_-_195845.tif


Two black sharecroppers stripping and grading tobacco; By New York Public Library [No restrictions or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACompton%2C_Negro_sharecropper_and_his_wife_stripping_and_gradi..._(3109745185).jpg


Three white male sharecroppers; Walker Evans [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFrank_Tengle%2C_Bud_Fields%2C_and_Floyd_Burrougwildlifehs%2C_cotton_sharecroppers%2C_Hale_County%2C_Alabama.jpg


Casual Friday


Clothing rack; Pxhere.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Marketable Sports Monikers


Players of Los Angeles Lakers; Bridget Samuels from College Park, MD; https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/Phil_Jackson_coaching_LAL.jpg; shared under [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]


Bigger and Better than the Rest


Man studying; wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock.com

Car manufacturing; Jenson/Shutterstock.com


Girl in a spelling bee; “Spelling bee” flickr photo by jkbrooks85 https://flickr.com/photos/jkbrooks85/12296983535 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Large cars in traffic; “Ford F-150 Lariat SuperCrew 2009” flickr photo by RL GNZLZ https://flickr.com/photos/juanelo242a/14505646561 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Wheelchair basketball; “2011 Womens U25 WWBC USA vs Great Britain” flickr photo by WheelchairBasketballCanada https://flickr.com/photos/wheelchairbasketball/5948242697 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Boys playing basketball; “School basketball game” flickr photo by eileeninca https://flickr.com/photos/eileeninca/5665946190 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


“You have new Picture Mail!” flickr photo by czarcats https://flickr.com/photos/czarcats/123447552 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Japan’s Motivation for Attacking Pearl Harbor,


Ships being bombed; Keith Tarrier/Shutterstock.com

Modern-day Pearl Harbor; Ppictures/Shutterstock.com

Japanese war planes flying over fields; Keith Tarrier/Shutterstock.com


Japanese Empire map; By Shadowxfox CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJapanese_Empire_(orthographic_projection).svg


Kamikaze Pilots and War with Japan


Hiroshima; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com

Internment camps; Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com


Japanese Empire map; By Shadowxfox CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJapanese_Empire_(orthographic_projection).svg


Imperial flag of Japan; By Thommy [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWar_flag_of_the_Imperial_Japanese_Army.svg


Plane diving; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AD4Y_Yoshinori_Yamaguchi_col.jpg


MacArthur and other members of the U.S. military wading ashore; By U.S. Army Signal Corps officer Gaetano Faillace [1] [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADouglas_MacArthur_lands_Leyte1.jpg


Evacuating military personnel; By US Marine Corps (National Archives) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGuadalcanal-wounded1942.jpg


D-Day: Attacking German-Controlled France


A German gun emplacement. Anneka /Shutterstock.com


Map of the Atlantic Wall. Uberstroker GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Atlantikwall.png


Allied soldiers in a landing craft approaching a French beach on D-Day. By The original uploader was Taak at English Wikipedia.Later versions were uploaded by Raul654, Nauticashades at en.wikipedia. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Approaching_Omaha.jpg


Adolf Hitler. By Phot-colorization CC BY-SA 4.0, from Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Hitler_colorized.jpg


D-Day: Bravery on Omaha Beach


Invasion map. Keith Tarrier/Shutterstock.com

Troops in a landing craft Everett Historical /Shutterstock.com

A graveyard. pedrosala /Shutterstock.com

German gun emplacement seen from the outside. SARYMSAKOV ANDREY /Shutterstock.com

German gun emplacement seen from the inside Bob Cullinan/Shutterstock.com


Hitler. Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-S33882 / CC BY-SA 3.0 de, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Hitler_cropped_restored.jpg


By The original uploader was MIckStephenson at English Wikipedia. (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NormandySupply_edit.jpg


Infantry soldiers approaching a beach. National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Into_the_Jaws_of_Death_23-0455M_edit.jpg


By UnknownUnknown author (UnknownUnknown source) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:War_Ensign_of_Germany_(1938-1945).svg


Marilyn Monroe: From Foster Child to Film Star


Young M.M sitting on a beach; By Teichnor Bros., Boston (eBay front back) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMarilyn_Monroe_postcard.JPG


M.M. working in a factory; By U.S. army photographer David Conover’s shot (Yank, the Army Weekly, via [1] and [2]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MarilynMonroe_-_YankArmyWeekly.jpg


M.M. with her skirt blowing up; By Published by Corpus Christi Caller-Times-photo from Associated Press [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMarilyn_Monroe_photo_pose_Seven_Year_Itch.jpg


M.M. in a pink dress in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes; By 20th Century Fox [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGentlemen_Prefer_Blondes_Movie_Trailer_Screenshot_(34).jpg


M.M. and co-actress Janes Russell sitting on a bench; “Jane Russell, Marilyn Monroe” flickr photo by BudCat14/Ross https://flickr.com/photos/39527581@N07/5516876592 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


M.M. holding telephone receivers; “027” flickr photo by Sid da’ Cool https://flickr.com/photos/siddacool/11096360153 shared into the public domain using (CC0)


Marilyn Monroe: A Celebrity with Depressions


M.M. and DiMaggio; By Macfadden Publications New York, publisher of Radio-TV Mirror (page 22) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMonroe_DiMaggio_Wedding.jpg


House where M.M lived; By JGKlein (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMarilyn.Monroe.House.v2.jpg


M.M. wrapped in a towel; “Marilyn Monroe” flickr photo by raftrokr https://flickr.com/photos/raftrokr/430043100 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


“Marilyn Monroe, Lauren Bacall and Betty Grable” flickr photo by classic film scans https://flickr.com/photos/slightlyterrific/5190333781 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


M.M. performing on stage for military personnel; By U.S. Dept. of Defense (eBay) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMarilyn_Monroe_-_1954.JPG


M.M. being confronted by a man in a scene in a film; By Wax Publications publisher of Film Bulletin (Page 23) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMonroe_and_Murray_argument_in_Bus_Stop.jpg


John F. Kennedy; By White House Press Office (WHPO) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJohn_F._Kennedy%2C_White_House_photo_portrait%2C_looking_up.jpg


M.M. to the right in a photo with a black background; “Marilyn Monroe” flickr photo by raftrokr https://flickr.com/photos/raftrokr/430965130 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


“Marilyn Monroe reading on a bench” flickr photo by orionpozo https://flickr.com/photos/orionpozo/6933294810 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Marilyn Monroe wearing a robe and reading “Marilyn Monroe by Elliott Erwitt” flickr photo by orionpozo https://flickr.com/photos/orionpozo/6895133616 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


“Marilyn Monroe smoking” flickr photo by Nicholas R. Andrew https://flickr.com/photos/9355127@N07/35032579913 shared into the public domain using (PDM)


A tired Marilyn Monroe; “Marilyn Monroe” flickr photo by Perecoba https://flickr.com/photos/48929102@N00/268450580 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Toilets, Cutlery and Door Knobs


Cutlery; Pxhere.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license
Door knob; Pxhere.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Vaccines and Protection from Diseases


Bacteria; WikiImages; Pexels.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Vaccines and Fear of Autism


Vaccine injection; whitesession; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Soccer Moms


Mother and daughter; edsavi30; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


The Civil Rights Movement: Trying to End Jim Crow


The letters N-A-A-C-P;dizain/Shutterstock.com


Booker T. Washington; By Arthur P. Bedou (Via [1] Also seen at [2]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABooker_T_Washington_New_Orleans_1915.jpg


The Civil Rights Movement: No More Segregation in Schools


U.S. Supreme Court; Steve Heap/Shutterstock.com


Students escorted by military personnel; By US Army (US Army) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3A101st_Airborne_at_Little_Rock_Central_High.jpg


A mob physically attacking a person; By Unknown journalist [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFreedom_Riders_attacked.jpg


Martin Luther King Jr


Rosa Parks; By Schlesinger Library, RIAS, Harvard University [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rosa_Parks_(13270402093)_(cropped).jpg


A large crowd in Washington D.C. By Photo by Warren K. Leffler [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:March_on_Washington_edit.jpg


Martin Luther King Jr and other civil rights activists; National Archives at College Park [CC0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Civil_Rights_March_on_Washington,_D.C._(Dr._Martin_Luther_King,_Jr._and_Mathew_Ahmann_in_a_crowd.)_-_NARA_-_542015_-_Restoration.jpg


A bus; By Rmhermen at en.wikipedia (photo by rmhermen) GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, from Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rosa_parks_bus.jpg


The End of Segregation


Edmund Pettus Bridge. oneroc/Shutterstock.com


Martin Luther King Jr; By Nobel Foundation (http://nobelprize.org/) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Martin_Luther_King,_Jr..jpg


America’s Gun Culture and Its Historic Origins


The Second Amendment and a gavel; David Carillet/Shutterstock.com

Handgun lying over a copy of the U.S. Constitution; Stephanie Frey/Shutterstock.com

A handgun in a purse; Chayantom Tongmorn/Shutterstock.com


“hz0506.JPG” flickr photo by Sangre-La.com https://flickr.com/photos/sangre-la/3340288536 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Firearms used by men at a shooting range; “IMG_0410” flickr photo by drewgstephens https://flickr.com/photos/dinomite/2662941106 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license

The Gun Debate


Girl finding a gun; Images By Kenny/Shutterstock.com
A father with a gun and son Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock.com
A gun store; sirtravelalot/Shutterstock.com
A safe; S1001/Shutterstock.com
Man on the floor after being shot; Syda Productions/Shutterstock.com


Woman aiming with a gun; “Truce with gun, taken by Magi [ http://www.magifesn.cz/ ]” flickr photo by overdrive_cz https://flickr.com/photos/overdrive_cz/4458788600 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


The Cold War: A Struggle for World Dominance


The White House and Kremlin; WowAnna/Shutterstock.com
Russian spetsnaz soldiersGetmilitaryphotos/Shutterstock.com
Man reacting to content in a newspaper; durantelallera/Shutterstock.com


Mujahideen atop a hill in Afghanistan; By Erwin Lux CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMortar_attack_on_Shigal_Tarna_garrison%2C_Kunar_Province%2C_87.jpg


American soldiers in a vehicle in Vietnam; “Vietnam War 1972 - Photo by Bruno Barbey” flickr photo by manhhai https://flickr.com/photos/13476480@N07/32818174806 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Vietnam on a world map; By Addicted04 (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVietnam_on_the_globe_(Vietnam_centered).svg


Cold War map 1980; By Chabacano, basado en el trabajo de es:Usuario:Sancebau This vector image was created with Inkscape. GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACold_War_Map_1980.svg


The Red Scare


Joseph McCarthy; By DonkeyHotey [Public domain or CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJoe_McCarthy_-_Colorized_(6930439292).jpg


The Soviet Union on a map; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Soviet_Union_Map.png


Soviet flag; I, Cmapm GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or FAL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFlag_of_the_Soviet_Union_(1955-1980).svg


The Space Race


Photo depicting man on the moon; Castleski/Shutterstock.com


By Gregory R Todd (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADawn_of_the_Space_Age.jpg


Kennedy laying out the goal to land a man on the moon; By NASA (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKennedy_Giving_Historic_Speech_to_Congress_-_GPN-2000-001658.jpg


Latin American Laborers and U.S. Black Market Money


Shanty town in Guatemala; Charles Harker/Shutterstock.com
Grapes in a person’s hand; Richard Thornton/Shutterstock.com
Map of Mexico; Pyty/Shutterstock.com


Latin American Laborers’ Vulnerability and Border Issues


A weathered backpack left in the desert; Chess Ocampo/Shutterstock.com

A migrant’s legs and forearms including a baseball cap; Chess Ocampo/Shutterstock.com

A border wall; Chess Ocampo/Shutterstock.com

Map of Mexico; Pyty/Shutterstock.com


The First Atomic Bombs


A nuclear explosion; mwreck/Shutterstock.com

Cracked flags; danielo/Shutterstock.com


The Cuban Missile Crisis


Nuclear missiles; Scanrail1/Shutterstock.com

Nuclear explosion over New York; Nicola Bertolini/Shutterstock.com


U.S.-Cuba map with the Strait of Florida at the center; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cuba-US_map.jpg


Khrushchev and Kennedy; By Photograph from the U. S. Department of State in the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJohn_Kennedy%2C_Nikita_Khrushchev_1961.jpg


A U.S. warship; By PHCS J. Stead, U.S. Navy [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AUSS_English_(DD-696)_underway_in_October_1962.jpg


Three U.S. helicopters; By U.S. Navy [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASH-3A_Sea_Kings_of_HS-4_over_Key_West_in_1962.jpg


Mark Zuckerberg: Harvard Student and Founding Facebook


Like and dislike icons; Vector Corner/Shutterstock.com

Facebook Headquarters; Sundry Headquarters/Shutterstock.com


Mark Zuckerberg giving a speech; “Mark Zuckerberg f8 Keynote” flickr photo by b_d_solis https://flickr.com/photos/briansolis/2696198607 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Mark Zuckerberg: Leader of a Giant Social Media Company


Harvard; Jon Bilous/Shutterstock.com


Mark Zuckerberg smiling, green and white background; “Mark Zuckerberg” flickr photo by jdlasica https://flickr.com/photos/jdlasica/8137913323 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


A MAD False Alarm


Radar screen; Andrey VP /Shutterstock.com

Nuclear missiles; 3D_creation /Shutterstock.com


By USSR Republics Numbered Alphabetically.png: Aris KatsarisUSSR map.svg: Saul ipderivative work: Master Uegly GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0, from Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USSR_Republics_numbered_by_alphabet.svg


Nuclear Threats Today: Fear of a Dangerous Imbalance


Missiles; Quality Stock Arts/Shutterstock.com


Nuclear Threats Today: Weapons All Over the Globe


Map of nuclear states; WindVector /Shutterstock.com

Cruise missile fired from the water; Alexyz3d /Shutterstock.com

A submarine; FOTOGRIN /Shutterstock.com


Flyover country


A paper plane flying from west to east; iris wright/Shutterstock.com

Work in a foundry; branislavpudar/Shutterstock.com

Harvester machine; Subbotina Anna/Shutterstock.com


Map of the USA with all state names showing; By The original was edited by User:Andrew c to include Nova Scotia, PEI, Bahamas, and scale key. It was originally uploaded to the English Wikipedia with the same title by w:User:Wapcaplet:20:57, 9 October 2005 . . Dbenbenn . . 959x593 (339217 bytes) (fix South Carolina label)20:27, 9 October 2005 . . Dbenbenn . . 959x593 (339227 bytes) (typo, Massachussetts -> Massachusetts)19:01, 9 October 2005 . . Dbenbenn . . 959x593 (371653 bytes) (crop, and remove some shapes (rivers, highways, capitals, lakes) that didn’t display anyway)13:18, 23 September 2005 . . Ed g2s . . 990x855 (978668 bytes) (fix (removed tag))23:48, 23 September 2004 . . Wapcaplet . . 0x0 (978926 bytes) (SVG map of the United States. Created by Wapcaplet. {{GFDL} }) (File:Map_of_USA_with_state_names.svg?) GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Map_of_USA_with_state_names_2.svg


Differences between coastal and inland U.S:


Wall Street ventdusud/Shutterstock.com

Map of northeast United States JoaoCachapa /Shutterstock.com

Main street of a small town Leigh Trail /Shutterstock.com


The Modern Klan: Small Groups of Outsiders


Three KKK members in front of “Ku Klux Klan” flickr photo by Arete13 https://flickr.com/photos/arete13/4126186099 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


KKK members handing out flyers or newsletters; “kkk” flickr photo by My Lil’ Rotten https://flickr.com/photos/mellydoll/7600840656 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license

Cross-Burnings and Other Klan Rituals


KKK members handing out flyers or newsletters; “kkk” flickr photo by My Lil’ Rotten https://flickr.com/photos/mellydoll/7600840656 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Cross burning; By Confederate till Death at English Wikipedia (English Wikipedia) CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACross_Lighting_2005.jpg


The blood drop cross; KAMiKAZOW GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKKK.svg



Australia


The First Australians


Australia in an aboriginal pattern; ksana-art/Shutterstock.com

Aboriginal Australians making fire; ChameleonsEye/Shutterstock.com

Bush fire; sirtravelalot/Shutterstock.com

Rock painting; RegenerationX/Shutterstock.com

Vintage photo of an aboriginal man; chippix/Shutterstock.com

A rock and a tree; Rocket Photos/Shutterstock.com


Dreamtime


Rocks and sun on the horizon; Piotr Gatlik/Shutterstock.com

Aboriginal Australian woman; ChameleonsEye/Shutterstock.com

Person playing the didgeridoo and a map of Australia; Creative Mood/Shutterstock.com

Two Aboriginal Australian men; ChameleonsEye/Shutterstock.com

The Australian outback under a red sky; pisaphotography/Shutterstock.com

Silhouettes of people; tcharts/Shutterstock.com


Four indigenous Australians dancing; By The original uploader was Mombas at English Wikipedia CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3A1981_event_Australian_aboriginals.jpg Additional attribution: en:Nambassa Trust and Peter Terry at http://www.nambassa.com


European Discovery of Australia


Domesticated animals; Spreadthesign/Shutterstock.com

Sydney harbor; pisaphotography/Shutterstock.com


“HMS Endeavour” flickr photo by Archives New Zealand https://flickr.com/photos/archivesnz/20340350738 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


James Cook; Nathaniel Dance-Holland [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ACaptainjamescookportrait.jpg


Interaction between Europeans and Aboriginal Australians; Thomas Baines [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AThomas_Baines%2C_Thomas_Baines_with_Aborigines_near_the_mouth_of_the_Victoria_River%2C_N.T%2C_1857.jpg


The Boxing Kangaroo


Kangaroo sign; totajta/Shutterstock.com

Muscly kangaroo lying down; Darryl j Smith/Shutterstock.com

Kangaroo silhouettes; idiz/Shutterstock.com

Joey sticking its head out of a pouch; K.A. Willis/Shutterstock.com

Two kangaroos “boxing” surrounded by shrubs; John Carnemolla/Shutterstock.com

Joey returning to its mother; Wonderly Imaging/Shutterstock.com


Australia: Built by Convicted Offenders


Australian convict society, men of all kinds; State Library of New South Wales CC BY-SA 3.0 au, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASketchbook_of_NSW_views_1817_Close_a2821039.jpg


Freemantle Prison; By The original uploader was SeanMack at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AFremantle_Prison_in_Western_Australia.jpg


British women taking leave of their lovers; By Sayer, Robert, 1725–1794 (National Library of Australia) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABlack-eyed_Sue_and_Sweet_Poll_of_Plymouth_taking_leave_of_their_lovers_who_are_going_to_Botany_Bay.jpeg


The Neptune, a convict ship; See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AConvict_ship_Neptune00.jpg


Dating Etiquette

Two people sitting at a table; Pexels; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Australia: Far Away and Unknown


Young child trying out flip flops/thongs that are to big; Cheryl Casey/Shutterstock.com

Father hugging his daughter; KuAlla/Shutterstock.com

A ski slope; Satetawut Veerapradit/Shutterstock.com

Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs/Shutterstock.com

July spelled out; enterlinedesign/Shutterstock.com

A kid and two parents walking; aaabbbccc/Shutterstock.com

Brisbane skyline; f11photo/Shutterstock.com

Brisbane City Hall; patjo/Shutterstock.com


Australia in red on a map; “australien karta continent jorden” Pixabay photo by Clker-Fre-Vector-Images https://pixabay.com/sv/australien-karta-kontinent-jorden-23522/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Land Rights or Land Wrongs


An old homestead; Christopher Meder/Shutterstock.com

Lady Justice; Alexander Kirch/Shutterstock.com

A judge with a gavel; everything possible/Shutterstock.com


The Great Barrier Reef: A Colorful Underwater Landscape


Colorful fish and coral; Brian Kinney /Shutterstock.com

Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs /Shutterstock.com

Scuba diver; JonMilnes /Shutterstock.com

Shark sihouettes. Steven Maltby/Shutterstock.com

Aerial view of the Great Barrier Reef superjoseph /Shutterstock.com

School of sweet lips; Tracey Winholt /Shutterstock.com


The Great Barrier Reef: Hungry Species of All Sizes


Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs /Shutterstock.com

An orange clownfish Benedikt Juerges /Shutterstock.com

Manta Ray; sergemi /Shutterstock.com

A fish swimming over green plants; Pete Niesen /Shutterstock.com

A turtle; Rich Carey /Shutterstock.com


The Stain of Criminal Blood


A hand print in blood; Apostle/Shutterstock.com


Vegemite: A Smelly Australian Favorite


Vegemite and avocado; 23pictures/Shutterstock.com

Vegemite and crackers; Vicki Vale/Shutterstock.com

A non-descript jar of Vegemite; Shane White/Shutterstock.com

Vegemite and coffee; PageSeven/Shutterstock.com

Spreading Vegemite onto a piece of toast; jabiru/Shutterstock.com

Two slices of Vegemite toast; Robyn Mackenzie/Shutterstock.com


Woman eating Vegemite straight from the jar; “Get your Vegemite by the barrel-full!” flickr photo by LeMast https://flickr.com/photos/creativecliche/4648294894 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


The Vegemite label isolated; “Fresh Vegemite” flickr photo by AZAdam https://flickr.com/photos/azadam/53658586 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


The 1850s’ Gold Rush


Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs /Shutterstock.com

Digger’s hut Everett Historical /Shutterstock.com

Wheelbarrow monument Adwo /Shutterstock.com

Horse buggies. mark higgins /Shutterstock.com

University of Melbourne. RYOSUE /Shutterstock.com


The Stolen Generations: Fearing for Childrens’ Future


Aboriginal Australian craft; Crystal Egan/Shutterstock.com

Dot painting; Deodoma/Shutterstock.com

Aboriginal Australian cattleman; geckoz/Shutterstock.com


A young Aboriginal Australian woman; By Steve Evans from Citizen of the World (Australia: Aboriginal Culture 002) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAustralia_Aboriginal_Culture_002_(5447678025).jpg


The Stolen Generations: Forced into a New Culture


Preparation for body painting; Ilia Torlin/Shutterstock.com


Man working on an artwork. By Mark Roy from Jabiru, Australia (Glen Namundja) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGlen_Namundja.jpg


Aboriginal Australian children playing in the water; Herbert Basedow [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AChildren_resting_on_a_mangrove_stump_while_bathing.jpg


Isaiah Firebrace; By Mykola Swarnyk (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AIsaiah_Firebrace_Kyiv_2017.jpg


A lesson in spinning string; See page for author CC BY 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AA_lesson_in_spinning_string%2C_Central_Australia._Wellcome_M0013694.jpg


Australia’s Beach Culture


Camels on a beach CAPE COCONUT/Shutterstock.com

Beach huts siwawut /Shutterstock.com

A surfer Wonderful Nature /Shutterstock.com

Dangerous current sign Norman Dujunco /Shutterstock.com


Bondi Beach, White Powder Sand and Beach Litter


Whitehaven Beach and its lush surroundings; Rachli Photos/Shutterstock.com

Beach litter AfriramPOE /Shutterstock.com

Two boys doing hand stands in Gold Coast Martin Valigursky /Shutterstock.com


People doing yoga on Bondi Beach; “Bondi Beach Yoga” flickr photo by tarotastic https://flickr.com/photos/tjt195/2948463973 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Angry Gold Diggers and Early Democratic Reforms


A hat and various tools: Richard Peterson /Shutterstock.com


Diggers panning for gold; By Edwin Stockqueler (1829-1900) (http://cs.nga.gov.au/Detail.cfm?IRN=170523) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:An_Australian_Gold_Diggings.jpg


The Eureka Stockade and Early Democratic Reform

The Eureka Stockade battle; By J. B. Henderson (State Library of NSW) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eureka_stockade_battle.jpg


Metals and Coal: Modern Living and Economic Upside


Downtown Sydney; Taras Vyshnya /Shutterstock.com

Jewelry made of gold; lapas77 /Shutterstock.com

Cell phones; DisobeyArt /Shutterstock.com

A coal power plant RobynCharnley /Shutterstock.com


Potential Downsides with Mining for Metals and Coal


A very large excavation; imagevixen/Shutterstock.com

A flourishing mining town Taras Vyshnya /Shutterstock.com

A mining worker and a truck; Inc /Shutterstock.com

A ghost town; ingehogenbijl /Shutterstock.com


Australian English: British-Sounding and Slangy


Two women talking; Monkey Business Images /Shutterstock.com

A breakfast; monticello /Shutterstock.com


Australian English: Upspeak and an Unusual Diphtong


A confused woman; pathdoc/Shutterstock.com


Japanese Pearl Divers


An open pearl oyster; Madele/Shutterstock.com

A pearl necklace Spayder pauk_79 /Shutterstock.com

A derelict old shed; alybaba /Shutterstock.com

Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs /Shutterstock.com

Pearl lugger; S van Oyen/Shutterstock.com


Koalas and Their Lives in Eucalyptus Trees


Koala holding on to a tree trunk and looking straight into the camera; Yatra/Shutterstock.com

Logging; BMCL/Shutterstock.com

Melbourne; Zarnell Photography/Shutterstock.com

A Jack Russel; Chonlawut/Shutterstock.com

Koala sleeping in a tree crotch; Amophoto_au/Shutterstock.com

A koala with a baby koala on its back; Constantin Stanciu/Shutterstock.com

Two tourists with a koala; Adwo/Shutterstock.com

A koala eating leaves; Manon van Os/Shutterstock.com

A koala high up on a thin branch; fotopike/Shutterstock.com

A koala crossing a street at a pedestrian crossing; John Le/Shutterstock.com

A baby koala peeking out from a pouch; covenant/Shutterstock.com


Kangaroos: Droughts, Predators and Politics


Kangaroo meat; Iryna Melnyk/Shutterstock.com

A waterhole; HellyMelly/Shutterstock.com

A joey in a bag; mark higgins/Shutterstock.com

A mob of kangaroos; Andrea Izzotti/Shutterstock.com

Kangaroo feeding; Boryana Manzurova/Shutterstock.com

Two kangaroos hopping; John Carnemolla/Shutterstock.com

Kangaroo on a beach; John Crux/Shutterstock.com


Minority Cultures in an Anglo-Australian Society


The word “culture” and a magnifying glass; Login/Shutterstock.com


The Dream of a White Workers’ Paradise


Director sitting at a desk; Stokkete/Shutterstock.com


Australian Football


A photo of the field from a person in the crowd at a big arena; “Aussie Rules Carlton Blues vs. Ruchmond Tigers” flickr photo by crazy-croco https://flickr.com/photos/crazy-croco/19765685731 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Woman in a red jersey tackled; “Bond University Women’s Football” flickr photo by KRB events https://flickr.com/photos/krb_events/14721797761 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Woman in a black jersey running with the ball; “Bond University Women’s Football” flickr photo by KRB events https://flickr.com/photos/krb_events/14697418245 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


A jump ball-like situation; By Rulesfan (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ARuckwork.jpg


A player kicking the ball; By No machine-readable author provided. Cata~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims). [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAussie_rules_kicking.jpg


The White Australia Policy


Astroette/Shutterstock.com


Cathy Freeman: Running Into Success


Aboriginal Australian flag; Milenious/Shutterstock.com

Starting blocks; Normana Karia/Shutterstock.com


Cathy Freeman; “Don’t look down on anybody. . .” flickr photo by DFAT photo library https://flickr.com/photos/dfataustralianaid/10693160874 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


The Land Down Under


World map with Europe in the center-north; Volina/Shutterstock.com

Earth as seen from space; 3Dsculptor/Shutterstock.com

A reversed world map; with Australia in top center position; cash1994/Shutterstock.com

An Australia-centered north-up map/Shutterstock.com


World map upside down; By Nicoguaro (This file was derived from Continents colour.svg:) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASeven_continents_world_upside_down.svg


Two round world maps from centuries back; Jodocus Hondius [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3A1595_Vera_Totius_Hondius.jpg


Modern image of an old-school type cartographer; “New Boston the cartographer” flickr photo by Cindy Funk https://flickr.com/photos/cindyfunk/2843079059 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Two cartographers standing by a table; By Joseolgon (Own work) CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWorld_of_Discoveries-cartographer_(1).JPG


An Australia-centered map; “World Map” PublicDomainPictures image by George Hodan https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/se/view-image.php?image=72566&jazyk=FR shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Australia during World War II


A bomber bombing a vessel; Everett Historical /Shutterstock.com
Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs/Shutterstock.com


Australian soldiers; By Bagnall, Frank N [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Australian_troops_at_Milne_Bay.jpg


Map of the Japanese Empire; By Shadowxfox CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Japanese_Empire_(orthographic_projection).svg


Immigration to Australia after World War II


Immigrants waving from a boat; By Commonwealth of Australia - official photograph [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dutch_Migrant_1954_MariaScholte%3D50000thToAustraliaPostWW2.jpg


Coral Bleaching: Why Some Coral Reefs Die


A lone fish in a degraded reef; Darkydoors /Shutterstock.com

Healthy corals; scubaluna /Shutterstock.com

Bleached corals; Ethan Daniels /Shutterstock.com

A dead coral reef; Rich Carey /Shutterstock.com

Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs /Shutterstock.com


The Future of the Great Barrier Reef


Sugar cane harvesting; Johan Larson /Shutterstock.com

Cars; All About Space /Shutterstock.com

Map of Australia; Creative Jen Designs /Shutterstock.com

Healthy corals; scubaluna /Shutterstock.com

A dead coral reef; Rich Carey /Shutterstock.com


Bali: Where Schoolies Go to Party


A cocktail sitting on a table; SocialButterflyMMG; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Map of Southeast Asia; Miller; https://mapswire.com/australia/political-maps/; shared under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Laid-back and Sociable


People standing; rawpixe_39223; Pexels.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Julian Assange and WikiLeaks


An anonymous person at a coputer; pathdoc /Shutterstock.com

Documents over a world map; Bakhtiar Zein /Shutterstock.com

An American soldier in Iraq; BPTU /Shutterstock.com

A helicopter; Digital Storm /Shutterstock.com


Julian Assange; “WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange” flickr photo by newsonline https://flickr.com/photos/55361146@N08/9260194206 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Stuck on an Embassy in London


An American embassy; Nikitriy /Shutterstock.com


Media in front of the Ecuadorian embassy; By nick.hider (August 16, 2012: Ecuador’s London embassy) CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecuador%27s_London_embassy_16_August_2012.jpg


Assange and Domscheit-Berg; By andymcgee CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:26C3_Assange_DomscheitBerg.jpg


Assange on a balcony; By Snapperjack from London, UK. (File:Julian Assange in Ecuadorian Embassy.jpg) CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Julian_Assange_in_Ecuadorian_Embassy_cropped.jpg


The Outback: Camels and Red Sand


Uluru (or Ayers Rock) eo Tang/Shutterstock.com

A lizard; Chris Watson /Shutterstock.com

Red kangaroos; Chris Watson /Shutterstock.com

Fences and livestock; Hypervision Creative /Shutterstock.com

Road signs; UnknownLatitude Images /Shutterstock.com

A girl leaning on a fence; Angela Hawkey /Shutterstock.com

A python; Chris Watson /Shutterstock.com

Wild camels; John Carnemolla /Shutterstock.com

Emus; John Carnemolla /Shutterstock.com

A world map; BEST-BACKGROUNDS /Shutterstock.com


Cutting Ties to Britain


Map of southeast Australia; Suprun Vitaly /Shutterstock.com


Staying or Not Staying under the British Queen


Voting concept; Niyazz /Shutterstock.com



Canada


Early History: Mammoths, First Nations and Ice


Viking longship; Catmando/Shutterstock.com

Mammoths; AuntSpray /Shutterstock.com

Mountains and a lake; Robert Crum/Shutterstock.com


Trading Fur for Guns


A steering wheel; Evannovostro /Shutterstock.com

Cod; Ingrid Maasik /Shutterstock.com


Trading fur; William Faden [Public domain, Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fur_traders_in_canada_1777.jpg


The Canadian People’s Love for Hockey


Spectators watching hockey; “This is women’s hockey” flickr photo by beltzner https://flickr.com/photos/beltzner/4381187712 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Sledge hockey; By brand0con / Brandon O’Connor (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_3182) CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2010ParalympicsCanadaVsSwedenIceSledgeHockey.jpg


Women playing hockey and the goalkeeper lying down; “In Trouble” flickr photo by becaro https://flickr.com/photos/becaro/5658188403 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Wayne Gretzky


Gretzky By The original uploader was Hakandahlstrom at English Wikipedia.Later versions were uploaded by IrisKawling at en.wikipedia. (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wgretz_(cropped2).jpg


The Collapse of One Nation and the Birth of Another


A map of eastern Canada atdr /Shutterstock.com


Samuel de Champlain; Théophile Hamel [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samuel-de-champlain-s.jpg


Native Americans and a Catholic father; By Wilhelm Lamprecht (1838-1906). - Users Maveric149, EvanProdromou on en.wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Father_marquette_preaching.jpg


Inside a longhouse; By Laslovarga CC BY-SA 3.0, from Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iroquoian_Village,_Ontario,_Canada36.JPG


The arrival of the so called king’s daughters; Charles William Jefferys [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Arrival_of_the_French_Girls_at_Quebec,_1667_-_C.W._Jefferys.jpg


Throat Singing, Mama Parkas and Eskimo Kisses


One woman in a parka; By Richard Harrington [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Martha_Nulukie_and_daughter_Louisa_-_Inuit_-_Inukjuak_Quebec_1947.jpg


A man in a kayak; Edward S. Curtis [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Inuit_man_by_Curtis_-_Noatak_AK.jpg


Two women in parkas; By Ansgar Walk (photo taken by Ansgar Walk) GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Inuit-Kleidung_1.jpg


Two women throat singing; “Nikki Komaksiutiksak” flickr photo by 2017 Canada Games // Jeux du Canada 2017 https://flickr.com/photos/2017canadagames/36262037125 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Rubbing noses; Crystal Kirk/Shutterstock.com


Free to Smoke Marijuana


Cannabis plant; Michael Fisher; Pexels.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license
Person smoking marijuana; "French Inhale" flickr photo by cagrimmett https://flickr.com/photos/cagrimmett/6308268996 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


England Discovers Trade Possibilities at Hudson Bay


A variety of pelts; photogal /Shutterstock.com

A map; pavalena /Shutterstock.com

A beaver; Daniel Rose /Shutterstock.com


Men turning on Henry Hudson; By H. E. Marshall and Illustrated by J.R. Skelton (Our Empire Story) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:THESE_CRUEL_MEN_MEANT_TO_TURN_HUDSON_ADRIFT_ON_THE_ICY_WATERS.gif


Hudson on a shallop; John Collier [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Last_Voyage_Of_Henry_Hudson.jpg


Fur trading at a trading post; By Unknown artist from 1800 According to Getty Images (Historic image from the Hulton Archive) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indians_at_a_Hudson_Bay_Company_trading_post.jpg


American Stereotypes about Canadians


Igloo; Smit /Shutterstock.com

“I’m so sorry” cartoon; studiostoks /Shutterstock.com

The U.S. flag and the Canadian flag; FabrikaSimf /Shutterstock.com


France Loses her North American Colonies


A map of eastern North America; By AlexiusHoratius CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NorthAmerica1763-A.png


French troops surrender to British troops; By UnknownUnknown author (Musée Virtuel du Canada) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Capitulation_Montreal.jpg


Pontiac’s Rebellion and British Germ Warfare


A map of the Great Lakes region; Kevin Myers at the English language Wikipedia GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pontiac%27s_war_region.png


Pontiac; By UnknownUnknown author (Granger Collection) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pontiac_in_1763.jpg


The siege of Fort Detroit; Frederic Remington [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Siege_of_Fort_Detroit.jpg


Coffee and Donuts at Tim Hortons


Donuts: Nemanja_us; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license
Tim Hortons restaurant; By Raysonho @ Open Grid Scheduler / Grid Engine - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39865055
Tim Hortons coffee cups; "Double-double" flickr photo by Ravenshoe Group https://flickr.com/photos/ravenshoegroup/6332436934 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Toronto: The New York of Canada


Toronto skyline; 12019; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


The Mounties


Black and white photo of a Mountie on a horse; Byron Harmon [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RCMP_1935_postcard.jpg


Mounties standing; “RCMP on Parade” flickr photo by retired60 https://flickr.com/photos/99116641@N00/5057028537 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Canadians coming out to watch Mounties; “Little Canadians” flickr photo by nikki_tate https://flickr.com/photos/nikkis_pikkis/1096205830 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Regular police uniforms in a changing room; “Change room” flickr photo by Vince Alongi https://flickr.com/photos/vincealongi/338156140 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Four female Mounties in a row; “Mounties” flickr photo by Fil.Al https://flickr.com/photos/fbohac/4762600566 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Map of Canada around 1870; By No machine-readable author provided. Golbez assumed (based on copyright claims). GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canada_provinces_1867-1870.png


Why French Is Spoken in Eastern Canada


Frontenac Castle in Quebec City; mervas /Shutterstock.com


Warships; By V. Zveg (US Navy employee) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BattleOfVirginiaCapes.jpg


Britain’s Grip Loosens


British soldiers or British-controlled militia fighting Canadian rebels; By Lord Charles Beauclerk (1813–1842) (UnknownUnknown source) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Saint-Eustache-Patriotes.jpg


Canadians and Their Wildlife


Niagara Falls; Igor Sh /Shutterstock.com

Arctic fox; outdoorsman /Shutterstock.com

Rainforest; JeniFoto /Shutterstock.com

Grizzly bear; Tim Greyhavens /Shutterstock.com

Cattle in a pasture; BGSmith /Shutterstock.com

City street; maxi_kore /Shutterstock.com

A map of Canada; LulaWanderwood /Shutterstock.com

Two caribous; karl umbriaco/Shutterstock.com


Boy going swimming; “Splash!” flickr photo by Fil.Al https://flickr.com/photos/fbohac/7763108692 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Fresh water reserves and Oil Pipelines


Construction work on a pipeline; shinobi /Shutterstock.com

Irrigation; Max Lindenthaler /Shutterstock.com

Shoreline of a lake; Rachel Juliet Lerch /Shutterstock.com


Protesters; “Rally against Kinder Morgan oil pipeline on Burnaby Mountain” flickr photo by Mark Klotz https://flickr.com/photos/markklotz/15633224820 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Oil sand facility workers; “TK20170616-413” flickr photo by Public Policy Forum https://flickr.com/photos/ppforumdotca/35086337550 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Life in the 1800s


Immigrants on a boat; “Immigrants waiting to go ashore, ca. 1911 / Immigrants sur le point de débarquer, vers 1911” flickr photo by BiblioArchives / LibraryArchives https://flickr.com/photos/lac-bac/3531805338 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Playing hockey; By Notman & Son [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:McGill_hockey_match.jpg


Vintage family souvenirs; Elzbieta Sekowska /Shutterstock.com


A New Country About to Be Born


Wheat and flour; Francesco83 /Shutterstock.com


Horses and logs; By Library and Archives Canada / PA-012941 (Library and Archives Canada / PA-012941) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Horses_hauling_timber_Ontario.jpg


Map of Canada around 1870; By No machine-readable author provided. Golbez assumed (based on copyright claims). GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canada_provinces_1867-1870.png


Canadian territory in the late 1860s shown in light yellow.


Canada and the U.S: Partners with Different Styles


Map of North America featuring flags; Artindo /Shutterstock.com


Canada and the U.S: Health Care, Celebrities and Poutine


Poutine; bonchan /Shutterstock.com

A stethoscope and a calculator; Christian Delbert /Shutterstock.com


Changing Prairie Cultures: Disease, Alcohol and Starvation


Whiskey shot glasses; Olivier Le Queinec /Shutterstock.com


Canadian prairie provinces shown in green; By User:Derfel73; User:Lokal_Profil (This file was derived from: Canada blank map.svg) CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canada_Prairie_provinces_map.svg


A bison; By Jack Dykinga [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_bison_k5680-1.jpg


A Blackfoot warrior; Karl Bodmer [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bodmer_--_Blackfoot_Indian,_1840-1843.jpg


An indigenous American woman; By BPL (Full Moon, AssiniboineUploaded by Babbage) CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Full_Moon,_Assiniboine.jpg


Changing Prairie Cultures: Farming and Boarding Schools


Three indigenous Americans on horseback; Edward S. Curtis [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Three_chiefs_Piegan_p.39_horizontal.png


An indigenous American man and piles of hay; National Archives and Records Administration [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22Louie_Pierre,_fullblood_Indian_farmer.%22_-_NARA_-_293338.jpg


Canadian prairie provinces shown in green; By User:Derfel73; User:Lokal_Profil (This file was derived from: Canada blank map.svg) CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canada_Prairie_provinces_map.svg


Oxes pulling a wagon; By Edward Roper (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lac-bac/30672905364/) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_Prairie_Schooner_on_the_Cariboo_Road_or_in_the_vicinity_of_Rogers_Pass,_Selkirk_Mountains.jpg


Changing History Behind the Scenes: Dancing and Flirting


Ballroom; Everett Collection /Shutterstock.com


Changing History Behind the Scenes: Misjudged Innocence


Surreal photo of a woman and books; FCSCAFEINE /Shutterstock.com


Nellie McClung and Women’s Rights Activism


Nellie McClung; By: Cyril Jessop ; Source: National Archives of Canada / PA-030212 ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nellie_McClung.jpg


Nellie McClung, the Temperance Movement and Forced Sterilizations


Two bartenders behind a bar; chippix /Shutterstock.com


Becoming Famous on YouTube


YouTube logo; geralt; Pixabay.com; shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Western Expansion and the Métis’ Uprisings


Map of Canada ; By User:Golbez. CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canada_provinces_1870-1871.png


John A. Macdonald ; By: George Lancefield [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_A_Macdonald_(ca._1875).jpg


Louis Riel ; By: Bennetto & Co ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Louis_Riel.jpg


Building railroad ; By: Ross, Alexander, Best & Co ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LastSpike_Craigellachie_BC_Canada.jpg


Métis men lining up for a photo ; By: unknown ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ProvisionalMetisGovernment.jpg


The Tapper’s Bride (European-descended man asking to marry an indigenous American woman) ; By Alfred Jacob Miller ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Trapper%27s_Bride.jpg


Lacrosse: More than a Prep School Sport


A lacrosse goalkeeper; James A Boardman /Shutterstock.com

A female lacrosse player; Brian McEntire /Shutterstock.com


Three indigenous American lacrosse players ; By George Catlin ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ball_players.jpg


A multitude of First Nations people playing lacrosse; By George Catlin ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_Catlin_-_Ball-play_of_the_Choctaw--Ball_Up_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg


Players in red and white team jerseys; By Daniel Steger ; This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:D1_Lacrosse.jpg


Lacrosse player about to shoot; “IMG_8468” flickr photo by bobpark1958 https://flickr.com/photos/98754902@N07/29868567616 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Traditional Inuit Hunting: Dog Sleds and Gratitude


A polar bear at a seal breathing hole; Maksimilian /Shutterstock.com


Inuit and sled dogs walking on ice; “Netsilik-inuit på fangst - A Netsilik Inuit hunting” flickr photo by Nationalmuseet https://flickr.com/photos/nationalmuseet/15327131281 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Sled dogs resting; “Danish Sled Dogs in Alert, Nunavut” flickr photo by US Embassy Canada https://flickr.com/photos/us_mission_canada/4555636248 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Inuit shoes; By Leoboudv ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Inuit_or_Eskimo_shoes_(UBC).jpg


Five Inuit girls; By: Captain George E. Mack ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Enfants_Inuits_1925.jpg


The Inuit’s Adjustments to Western Culture


Iqaluit ; By ADialla ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:City_of_Iqaluit.jpg


Inuk driving a boat; “100_1763” flickr photo by Francis Bourgouin https://flickr.com/photos/sicnarf/2299721942 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


An elderly woman holding a microphone; “TabacLaura-4” flickr photo by michael_swan https://flickr.com/photos/mmmswan/5911809791 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Teatime; By: Lorenz Learmouth ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Teatime_for_Paulette_Annegoluk_and_Mille_Appatok_-_Inuit_-_Kugluktuk_Nunavut_1935.jpg


Maple Syrup


Maple leaves; ArTDi101 /Shutterstock.com

A bucket of maple sap; Marc Bruxelle /Shutterstock.com

A droplet of maple sap; GoodMood Photo /Shutterstock.com


Person buying maple syrup; “CanadianMapleSyrup2” flickr photo by ed and eddie https://flickr.com/photos/edandeddie/8139230943 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Waffles; “I’ll trade you my leggos for your legos” flickr photo by frankieleon https://flickr.com/photos/armydre2008/3636610277 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Maple sap through hoses; “D3100 maple syrup 004” flickr photo by kejoslin https://flickr.com/photos/46829579@N06/5541296237 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Maple syrup on pancakes Brent Hofacker/Shutterstock.com


The Canadian Flag


The current Canadian flag; Anatoly Tiplyashin /Shutterstock.com


The old Canadian flag; By Hoshie ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Canada#/media/File:Canadian_Red_Ensign_(1921%E2%80%931957).svg


French-Canadian Resistance to World War Participation


Map of Quebec; Schwabenblitz /Shutterstock.com

A war memorial; V J Matthew /Shutterstock.com


The Quebec Sovereignty Movement


Flag of Quebec; Jiri Flogel /Shutterstock.com

Quebec parliament building; Jeffrey M. Frank /Shutterstock.com

Map of northeast North America Tuangtong Soraprasert /Shutterstock.com


Charles de Gaulle; By Egon Steiner; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germany license https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_B_145_Bild-F010324-0002,_Flughafen_Köln-Bonn,_Adenauer,_de_Gaulle-cropped.jpg


Possibilities in the Arctic


Map of Northwest Passage; Peter Hermes Furian /Shutterstock.com

Oil platform; vitstudio /Shutterstock.com

An icebreaker plowing through sheets of Arctic ice; Katrin York /Shutterstock.com


Threats in the Arctic


Walruses and a ship; Katiekk /Shutterstock.com

A puffin; Rudmer Zwerver /Shutterstock.com


Arctic village; Ansgar Walk ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cape_Dorset_Summertime_2002-08-04.jpg


Map of Northwest Passage; Peter Hermes Furian /Shutterstock.com



South Africa


An Indigenous African Perspective: From Nomads to Traders


Rock painting ; EcoPrint /Shutterstock.com

Slaves on a ship; Morphart Creation /Shutterstock.com

Lone hunter; 2630ben /Shutterstock.com


People carrying items on their heads; By Thomas Baines ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Baines1848.jpg


Two men making fire; Ian Sewell ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BushmenSan.jpg


An Indigenous African Perspective: Tradition and Westernization


Mine workers; Everett Historical /Shutterstock.com

Boy with goats; Bartosz Budrewicz /Shutterstock.com

Traditional hut; Gil.K /Shutterstock.com


Woman carrying a radio; By Paul Weinberg ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:In_Search_of_the_San_08.jpg


Early European Settlements in Southern Africa


Modern-day map of southern Africa with pin marking Cape Town; Gualberto Becerra/Shutterstock.com


Dutchmen arriving in southern Africa; By Charles Davidson Bell ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Charles_Bell_-_Jan_van_Riebeeck_se_aankoms_aan_die_Kaap.jpg


Boer Republics and South African Independence


Map of South Africa 1885; John George Bartholomew ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SouthAfrica1885.svg


Rugby: Sportsmen in Action


Springboks; Johan Swanepoel /Shutterstock.com


A struggle to get hold of the ball with players standing up; “South Africa vs. USA” flickr photo by dairoberts https://flickr.com/photos/dairoberts/21410100834 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Three South African players running after an opponent; “Pumas vs South Africa” flickr photo by Fotogramax https://flickr.com/photos/fotogramax/9190656384 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


A struggle to get hold of the ball with players lying down; “South Africa vs. Argentina - Bronze Medal Final” flickr photo by dairoberts https://flickr.com/photos/dairoberts/22649228231 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


The Zulus: A Warrior Nation


Zulu statue ChrisVanLennepPhoto /Shutterstock.com


Zulus fighting Boers; Charles Davidson Bell ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Charles_Bell_-_Zoeloe-aanval_op_%27n_Boerelaer_-_1838.jpg


Zulu warriors in a row; “Title: Commemoration of historic battle of Isandlwana, 25 Jan 2014” flickr photo by GovernmentZA https://flickr.com/photos/governmentza/12168970856 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


The Battle of Isandlwana: Britain in Shock


Modern-day photo of Zulus in warrior outfits ; “south africa - zulu reed dance ceremony” flickr photo by Retlaw Snellac Photography https://flickr.com/photos/waltercallens/6529966537 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


White man in a blue coat trying to defend himself; By Charles Edwin Fripp ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zuluattackgutt.jpg


Fighting with a mountain in the background; By Charles Edwin Fripp ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Isandhlwana.jpg


South Africa and the Birth of Apartheid


Mud road in KwaZulu ; meunierd /Shutterstock.com


Map of Bantustans; By Htonl ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bantustans_in_South_Africa.svg


Dance and Emotions


Boy in a baseball cap dancing; “Kwaito Dance 2” flickr photo by meshugas https://flickr.com/photos/freetheleah/8165019769 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Rainboots; By Laura SA ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bootsa.jpg


Children or young adults in brown outfits; “Freedom Day celebrations, 27 Apr 2012” flickr photo by GovernmentZA https://flickr.com/photos/governmentza/8447414012 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Coming for Opportunities: African Immigration


A Johannesburg street; "DSC04476" flickr photo by Adamina https://flickr.com/photos/shalom_adamina/27691529700 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Leaving for Opportunities: Trevor Noah


Trevor Noah"144070_IDA4364" flickr photo by Walt Disney Television https://flickr.com/photos/disneyabc/28107121880 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Music and Dance Cultures with Deep Historic Roots


Xhosa woman wearing a colorful garb; Ysbrand Cosijn /Shutterstock.com


Performing in red and white outfits on stage ; By CarelBester101 ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zulu_Dancing.jpg


Zulu girl kicking her leg; “130317 Parkhurst Zulu Dancing-1114” flickr photo by fiverlocker https://flickr.com/photos/fiverlocker/8659432687 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


Life in Segregated South Africa


A bench ; By KNewman1 ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Non-whites_Only_Bench_Outside_High_Court_Civil_Annex_CT.jpg


Protests and Resistance to Apartheid


ANC flag in 3D yui/Shutterstock.com


Protesters and smoke; By: Paul Weinberg ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anti-Apartheid_Protest_02_F.jpg


Wildlife on the Savanna


The big five game; Volodymyr Burdiak /Shutterstock.com

Giraffes; jaroslava V /Shutterstock.com

Zebras and wildebeests; Hedrus /Shutterstock.com

Wild dogs; Heather McCann /Shutterstock.com

Tourists in a jeep; sirtravelalot/Shutterstock.com

A safari lodge; Harm Kruyshaar /Shutterstock.com


Feeding an elephant; “South Africa Safari Field Guide 6 month internship” flickr photo by Frontierofficial https://flickr.com/photos/frontierofficial/8433356774 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Trophy Hunting


Stuffed antelopes; Vitezslav Halamka /Shutterstock.com

A lion in a telescopic sight; SAPhotog /Shutterstock.com


A hunter and a dead hippo; By Lord Mountbatten ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hippo_Trophy-2.jpg


Rhinoceroses and Their Valuable Horns


A rhino resting; JONATHAN PLEDGER /Shutterstock.com

A rhino drinking; EcoPrint /Shutterstock.com


Feeding an orphaned rhino; “Feeding an orphaned baby rhino” flickr photo by US Department of State https://flickr.com/photos/iip-photo-archive/36515709253 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


A lone park ranger; “Ranger - Kruger NP” flickr photo by darkroomillusions https://flickr.com/photos/21604043@N05/2447520235 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


A sedated rhino; “Rhino rescue in Kruger National Park - South Africa” flickr photo by US Department of State https://flickr.com/photos/iip-photo-archive/37138150816 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Soweto: Protesting a Language


The word “Afrikaans”; aga7ta/Shutterstock.com


Soweto: Chaos, Riots and Death


Hector Pieterson; “Hector Pieterson” flickr photo by Robert Cutts https://flickr.com/photos/panr/2590874830 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


The Truth and Reconciliation Committee Hearings


The word “apartheid” in a dictionary; gmstockstudio/Shutterstock.com


Road to Democratic Elections: Negotiating with the ANC


De Klerk shaking hands with Mandela ; By: World Economic Forum (www.weforum.org) ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frederik_de_Klerk_with_Nelson_Mandela_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_Davos_1992.jpg


Road to Democratic Elections: Violent Opposition to Change


A man being set on fire; “Human Torch” flickr photo by cliff1066™ https://flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/4428686660 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Different Views on Why Apartheid Failed


De Klerk; “State of the Nation Address, 11 Feb 2010” flickr photo by GovernmentZA https://flickr.com/photos/governmentza/8198374701 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Mandela; By: Governor-General of Australia ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nelson_Mandela_(cropped).jpg


Sharing Space with Penguins


Young man and penguins; PhotoSky /Shutterstock.com

Penguins on a beach; Sergey Uryadnikov /Shutterstock.com

Swimming penguin; stefbennett /Shutterstock.com

Boulder Beach and a rainbow; Will Rodrigues /Shutterstock.com

Map of the Cape Town area ; Bennian/Shutterstock.com


Up Close and Personal with Baboons


Baboons and dumpsters; Neil Bradfield /Shutterstock.com

Baboon with the ocean in the background; MrLis /Shutterstock.com

Baboon sitting on a car; Frankyenstain /Shutterstock.com

Baboon chewing on something; Tony Campbell /Shutterstock.com

Baboons hugging each other; Rob Mousley /Shutterstock.com


The Land of Compromises


Map of South Africa; Bennian /Shutterstock.com

The South African flag; railway fx/Shutterstock.com

Supreme Court in Bloemfontein; Grobler du Preez/Shutterstock.com

Union Buildings in Pretoria; Rudi Venter /Shutterstock.com


Nelson Mandela: Political Activism and Bombings


Nelson and Evelyn; By André Koehn ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mandela_e_Evelyn_1944.jpg


A house in Johannesburg which Nelson Mandela lived in ; By A. Bailey ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Nelson_Mandela_House.jpg


Nelson Mandela: From Prison Inmate to President


Mandela’s face in a black and white photo; “Nelson Mandela” flickr photo by lasanta.com.ec https://flickr.com/photos/45582474@N02/9215883633 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Robben Island; “Robben Island - Cape Town, South Africa” flickr photo by South African Tourism https://flickr.com/photos/south-african-tourism/3883849594 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Mandela’s prison cell on Robben Island; “Mandela’s cell” flickr photo by decafinata https://flickr.com/photos/decafinata/3369557693 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-SA) license


A crowd of people; “South Africans mourn the death of the late former President Nelson Mandela, 7 Dec 2013” flickr photo by GovernmentZA https://flickr.com/photos/governmentza/11264244396 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Mandela speaking; By Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science ; No known copyright restrictions https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nelson_Mandela,_2000_(2).jpg


South Africa’s Squatter Camps


An informal settlement; Moobatto /Shutterstock.com Preschool children Monkey Business Images /Shutterstock.com


Clothes hanging out to dry; “Colors” flickr photo by Isabel Sommerfeld https://flickr.com/photos/isabelsommerfeld/15095999693 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


A construction worker; by Edwin Seda licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:South_African_Construction_Site_Progress_in_Rosebank_Johannesburg.jpg


A female shop assistant; “shop assistant, Two Oceans Aquarium” flickr photo by flowcomm https://flickr.com/photos/flowcomm/4486348806 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Mobile toilets; MrWho /Shutterstock.com


The Coloured Community


Cape Town; Mathias Sunke /Shutterstock.com


An orchestra; by: Henry Trotter ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Christmas-bands-cape-town.jpg


School children ; by Henry Trotter ; [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cape-Coloured-School-Children.jpg


Land Rights: Poverty and Ideas for Redistribution


Houses and cattle; Five-Birds Photography /Shutterstock.com


A woman standing in a field; “AUSAID SOUTH AFRICA” flickr photo by DFAT photo library https://flickr.com/photos/dfataustralianaid/10672860713 shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license


Land Rights: Fear of Attacks Leads to White Farmers Prepping


Surveying agricultural land; chriswalley07 /Shutterstock.com


A police woman; “National Commissioner General Riah Phiyega briefs media on her first year in office, 1 September 2013” flickr photo by GovernmentZA https://flickr.com/photos/governmentza/9653381010 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-ND) license


Land Rights: Food Production and Expropriation Schemes


Grapes; Andrew Hagen /Shutterstock.com


Khoisan people dressed in checkered clothes; By: Paul Weinberg ; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Once_We_Were_Hunters_11.jpg


English Slang


Work Hard Play Hard


“beard business business people” Pixabay photo by rawpixels https://pixabay.com/photos/beard-business-business-people-2286446/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Sexy and Dangerous


Black woman in red ; Rudo film /Shutterstock.com


The Truth about Nightclubs


“audience band concert crowd” Pixabay photo by Pexels https://pixabay.com/en/audience-band-concert-crowd-1853662/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Different Types of Idiots


“woman hair drying girl female” Pixabay photo by RyanMcGuire https://pixabay.com/en/woman-hair-drying-girl-female-586185/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


The Best Job in the World


“chocolates food candy calories” Pixabay photo by congerdesign https://pixabay.com/en/chocolates-food-candy-calories-491165/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


How to Behave on a Date with a Girl


“restaurant flirting couples cheers” Pixabay photo by sasint https://pixabay.com/en/restaurant-flirting-couple-cheers-1807617/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Get a Winner Mentality


“basketball sport ball game” Pixabay photo by tortugadatacorp https://pixabay.com/en/basketball-sport-ball-game-2258651/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


Alcohol and Romance


“wine love valentines day valentine” Pixabay photo by tortugadatacorp https://pixabay.com/en/wine-love-valentines-day-valentine-1951413/ shared under a Creative Commons (CC0) license


How to Recover from a Drunk Incident


Man passed out on the floor ; Dragon Images /Shutterstock.com


Ethnicity


Native Americans and White Americans


Young Native American man; Fotos593 /Shutterstock.com


Yankee and Gringo


White woman holding open a book on a square ; Maridav /Shutterstock.com


African Americans


Three African Americans ; Rawpixel.com /Shutterstock.com


Asians, Northern Africans and Latinos


A Latino family; PixieMe /Shutterstock.com


Flag Icons etc.


British flag round icon
Augusto Cabral/Shutterstock.com


American flag round icon
Augusto Cabral/Shutterstock.com


Australian flag round icon
Augusto Cabral/Shutterstock.com


Canadian flag round icon
Augusto Cabral/Shutterstock.com


South African flag round icon
Augusto Cabral/Shutterstock.com


Kissing under an umbrella
Peggychoucair; Pixabay.com


Four ethnicities
rawpixel; Pixabay.com